The History of the Near South Side of Chicago and the Ethnic Changes Part 1

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hi my name is christian alexander i would like
to tell you about the brief history of the near south side in the city of chicago as
well as how the ethnicities and races have changed over the years, from the early mid eighteen hundreds to today, the 2000s. The very first settlers that arrived here
were the Irish, Germans and Scandinavians. At first they worked on the Illinois and Michigan
Channels and then moved working in the lumber yards. All of this occurred before the 1800s. Train stations got built next to the lumbar yards
and factories to help move supplies and finished products to the marketplace during the 1850s. Chicago’s wealthy would create mansions such
as: the John J Glessner house as shown by the picture. The prime location for these houses was Prairie
Avenue. According to the encyclopedia of Chicago, quote “By the time of the Chicago Fire of Eighteen
seventy one, Prarie avenue was cities most fashionable street.” Unfortunately there were two fires in Chicago One in eighteen seventy one and another in eighteen seventy four. Despite the great loss the fires cost, they in general, were beneficial to the city because they gave Chicago the chance to rebuild and re-plan. The Near South Side was fortunately not affected by the fires directly but rather, indirectly. All the businesses that had previously existed
elsewhere now moved into the Near South Side and turned the section of the city into a
business district. After becoming a business district, apartments
and housing began to appear primarily during 1890-1892 in
preparation for the World’s Columbian Exposition the following year in 1893. This exposition, aka the Chicago World’s
Fair was a great way for the residents to see
what the world had to offer to them. This was most likely pull factor because the Near South Side hosted an event where the attendees got to see what life is like
elsewhere. After WW1, the African-Americans
moved to the Near South Side to find work. Because of this, the population moved a little further
south to around Kenwood. Furthermore, parks were created on landfills such as Burnham Park, and adjacent Northerly Island. According to the encyclopedia of chicago online, “During the nineteen twenties and nineteen-thirties,
Burnham Park and adjacent Northerly Island were created on landfills in lake michigan and the Field Museum of Natural History, Soldier Field, the Alder Planetarium and the John G Shedd Aquarium
were built. The new landfills served as the site of the nineteen thirty three to nineteen thirty
four century of progress exposition and later the 1948 Railroad Fair. After World War One, Northerly Island was offered as a site for the United Nations and in 1947 became the site of Merrill C Meigs Field Airport which closed in 2003” I interviewed one of my friends whose parents
were there at that time. He shared his opinions by saying the following: My name is Jim Bodman and I was asked to talk about … christian alexander’s expertise information
school project history here’s stuff said helpful flamboyant aviators this means character the century progress wasn’t explicit and it was held uh… more or less if i’m correct to commemorate
the anniversary of the incorporation of the city of chicago its theme is is statement have had to do with a plan
and the purpose of the relation of the state and foreign governments to chicago and it was sort of an attempt to demonstrate
international audience that nature uh… insignificant uh… significance of our discovery scientific
discovery methods that we used to get those discovered uh… in the changes which replication broughton
industry and the gentlelady conditions chicago america it was done through said that’s that appeal
to the general public and very often they were made in miniature uh… there were very small replicated processes
pat which to us today is commonplace if those
dates were brett was miraculously for example westinghouse and general electric
repair and a uh… displayed uh… there uh… dynamo send their electrical switches
switching devices uh… their fuses they’re circuit webster circuit panels and and uh… electrification was just pretending
reached the rural areas uh… america some large cities even at that point still let their lamps with will uh… there was much to be seen uh… the fair was held on about uh… four hundred acres most of the woods lamprell on lake michigan it was just south of chicago’s
downtown area uh… kind of between roosevelt road which
is our twelve st and uh… thirty nine three which is now pershing road uh… today makes field although it’s been
closed and mccormick place occupied process uh… this place it was opened in the spring of nineteen thirty three and it was close to uh… in the fall up that
here and although it was originally planned before
the nineteen thirty three season only it was really extended for another year it opened up in the following
spring and closed down in the following uh… ball there are no accurate movements that i know judge here uh… farmer came and to see something like this report time in
their lives uh… what one of the famous uh… uh… displays were what was one of libyan babies and incubators people have never seen that before going to
be it was uh… rather rather new at that time um… holds a special place in my heart because
mine mom and dad problem at this entry std spoke during the nineteen twenties and right thirties
wasn’t late twenty’s and early thirties there wasn’t
much to be happy about because it was this the best of the great depression the unemployment rate in the country
was perhaps not right up at uh… twenty five
percent but it was headed up there uh… they were bread lines there were people
standing around begging for food all the time many of the expressions that we used in our common lexicon today came from
that time uh… the one that sticks with me is hit the
bricks right home well alright home when you find work people
would just leave it would be calm and other word which became part of our lexicon
a whole boulder hobo jungles people traveled around the country on the backs of
trails during the century progress there was a very
interesting event that occurred that had to do with the nation of italy uh… there was an eighty eight or by the
name of balboa b_a_ alveolar after his name at the current helpful drive in downtown chicago
who flew from italy d through call a uh… an armada if you will fleet against
of uh… ten or fifteen uh… floating airport and this was within six years of uh… man
first charles lindbergh first flying across the atlantic ocean so it was really quite
an event landed in lake michigan and helpful became
a bit of a local uh… hero chicago very dashing kaise it turns out he would say he was not a very nice guy he was the head
of mussolini’s air force an uh… in at sam influence in the second world
war there was a very very good but he was received twelve elbow heat was received
well by the people in chicago and so most illini benito mussolini’s wheelchair uh… god gave the city of chicago a commemorate uh… at balboa had been uh… received so well and unfortunately the inscription on the bottom
uh… t uh… the base of the monument uh… said
the eleventh year of the fascist era nineteen thirty four named forty palo bal bal uh… and he commanded techno saloons air
force so a bunch of people didn’t like the fact
that that fascism was mentioned on the monument
that was owned by chicago but city needed to do something with it because it’s beautiful column arguably windows is for sure but it
is for all of the uh… the roman senate building so you could say
that julius caesar augustus caesar any of those very well-known people at one point leaned
against this thing so chicago has this wonderful prize not knowing where to put it because
it has this offensive remark on it uh… they stuck up uh… next to were makes field used to be between
makes you’ll and soldier field that’s the story of elbow that’s about all i know that’s off the top
of my head but it is the reasonably take accurate description of the century progress and what
it was like to be uh… around chicago at that time based upon the previously mentioned history
of the nearest outside main population consisted of the irish germans scandinavians up until the second
world war after the second world war african-americans
moved north to find work this pushed the population furthers down bus the population and ethnicities in the
near south side became more diverse more so than ever before based on the census bureau data today the
population of the nearest outside erica six zero six one six instance of the total forty seven thousand seventy three people the two other a request that are associated
with the nearest outside six zero six zero five and six zero six chairs seven are primarily worked at the erica six zero six one six percentage-wise here’s how the ethnicities and races breakdown three six percent actor twenty five point nine percent y twenty nine point three percent artesian nine point one percent are hispanic or latino
of any race four point one cellmark the race three point four percent party or more races four tenths of a percent american indian or
alaskan native in the last remaining one tenth of a percent
are native hawaiian other aseptic islander the average income for a family in nineteen
ninety nine was thirty thousand six hundred twenty-five dollars for the u_s_ it was forty one thousand nine
hundred ninety four dollars the median value of the house in the near
south side of chicago was one hundred seventy one thousand seven
hundred dollars based on the chart i found on the encyclopedia
of chicago website in the year nineteen thirty total population
was ten thousand four hundred and sixteen the white population at that time please about
seventy five percent negroes where twenty three point eight percent and other races that’ll he wanted or about two percent in nineteen sixty eight the total population
decreased to ten thousand three hundred and fifty the white population uh… with samir fifty
four people five-tenths of a percent the negro population was seventy six point
seven percent about eight thousand and other races totaled twenty three hundred or twenty point seven percent it is my understanding that most of the poll


  1. Nice job! But the weather hear is a Bear. Of course that's why Chicago has the Bears :). You you neglected to put the part about how they pay the Mayors by giving people Tickets if the put a For Sale sign on their cars. The City used to be separated racially by segregation of the Black population after the Civil war created the longest Ghetto in the would South State Street; after desegrgation, it is now separated by fees so the poor can not use the rich recreation and parks because of cost.

  2. Surprise surprise!  When the blacks and Mexicans move in so does CRIME and MURDER so the whites run.  Who wouldn't? Fucking idiots.  There are about 50 neighborhoods in Chicago that were crime free and safe 60 years ago.  Now?  ALL BLACK AND LATINO which equals CRIME, DECAY, and MURDER ZONES.  Nobody can argue that.

  3. Here's a little history from a native. Meigs Field was closed by Daley junior because of the long and bitter fight between Daley and the Downstaters, Mostly Republicans from downstate. They were Springfield politicians who did not give Daley what he wanted and continued to use Meigs to fly up to Chicago for business and as a conduit to Ohare Field. This did not sit well with Daley who decided to take the perk away. I don't know if he cleared this with the Federal Aviation Administration but in the middle of the night he had city crews carve up the runways at Meigs with plows and bulldozers destroying all the runways. End of Meigs, no repair work was ever done and there was never any repercussions on Daley.

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